Dairy and Cardiovascular Disease
Dairy and cardiovascular disease
Inconsistent findings regarding the association between dairy fat intake and cardiovascular disease risk have previously been reported. However, recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses have shown dairy intake – across the fat spectrum – to have a favourable or neutral effect on cardiovascular disease risk. The review offers a concise, reference-based summary of current research findings and unpacks the factors that can affect the interpretation of study outcomes to help health professionals make informed decisions when advising their clients. As the intake of neither medium-fat nor high-fat dairy has been found to be associated with adverse outcomes for heart health, recommendations to focus solely on low-fat dairy intake may have to be revisited. The review shows that critical and holistic interpretation of research findings should support dietary advice and confirms that regular dairy intake as recommended by both local and international guidelines remain an important component of a healthy dietary approach.